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ASC 842 Disclosure Notes

Understanding Your Financial Disclosure Notes under the ASC 842 Standard.

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ASC 842 Compliance Requirements and Impacts on Financial Disclosures

The implementation of ASC 842, the new lease accounting standard, signifies a significant shift in how companies account for leasing activities. This standard, developed by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB), aims to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by requiring lessees to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet. Understanding and complying with ASC 842 is crucial for companies to ensure accuracy in their financial reporting and disclosures. This article provides an instructional overview of the requirements for complying with ASC 842 and discusses its impact on a company's financial disclosures.

1. Understanding ASC 842

ASC 842 replaces the previous lease accounting standard, ASC 840, and applies to all entities that lease assets such as real estate, airplanes, and equipment. The core principle of ASC 842 is that all leases, including operating leases, must be recognized on the balance sheet by lessees. This approach aims to provide a more accurate picture of a company's financial obligations.

2. Compliance Requirements

Identifying Leases: The first step in complying with ASC 842 is to identify contracts that qualify as leases under the new standard. A lease under ASC 842 is defined as a contract, or part of a contract, that conveys the right to control the use of identified property, plant, or equipment (an identified asset) for a period in exchange for consideration.

Recognition and Measurement: Companies must then recognize a right-of-use (ROU) asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. The lease liability is measured at the present value of the lease payments, while the ROU asset is based on the lease liability, adjusted for any prepayments, lease incentives, and initial direct costs.

Lease Classification: Leases under ASC 842 are classified as either finance or operating leases. This classification affects how leases are measured and presented in the financial statements. Finance leases result in a front-loaded expense pattern, whereas operating leases result in a straight-line expense pattern.

Disclosure Requirements: ASC 842 requires extensive qualitative and quantitative disclosures, including information about leasing activities, the amount and timing of cash flows arising from leases, and significant judgments made in applying ASC 842 to the leases.

3. Impact on Financial Disclosures

The implementation of ASC 842 has a profound impact on a company's financial statements and notes to financial disclosures. Key areas affected include:
  • Balance Sheet: The recognition of lease assets and liabilities increases both assets and liabilities, potentially affecting loan covenants and financial ratios.
  • Income Statement: The classification of leases as either finance or operating affects the pattern of expense recognition, which can impact net income and EBITDA.
  • Statement of Cash Flows: The standard changes the presentation of cash flows from operating and financing activities.
  • Notes to Financial Disclosures: Companies must provide detailed disclosures regarding their leasing arrangements, including the nature of leases, significant terms and conditions, maturity analyses of lease liabilities, and the impact of leases on the financial statements.
Complying with ASC 842 requires a thorough understanding of the standard's requirements and a comprehensive review of a company's lease contracts. Organizations must evaluate the impact of the standard on their financial statements and consider the implications for debt covenants, financial ratios, and internal controls. By effectively navigating the complexities of ASC 842, companies can ensure accuracy in their financial reporting and enhance the transparency of their leasing obligations.

Get the Best Lease Accounting Software Solution from iLeasePro

At iLeasePro, we understand every aspect of leasing, including lease accounting financial reporting. That means we know what lease features are involved, how calculations need to be performed and recorded, and how you can best use your leases and lease data as a business asset.

We also know the ASC 842 standard inside out, and as such we know how lease accounting software has to work to be compliant with that standard.

We’ve provided lease accounting software for small businesses, and for larger companies as well. Our lease accounting software pricing is among the best in the industry, and when you call us we can set you up with a lease accounting software free demo.

To do this, call us at 888-351-4606, or you can email us at We also have plenty of great information about lease accounting software on our website, which is, and you can chat with a live representative there as well.

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